Pine essential oil (Pinus silvestris)


Appearance  transprent fluid  
Colour light yellow   
Odor specific of pine tree  
Relative density, g/cm3 from 0,860 to 0,870   
Refractive index (20 °C) from 1,4725 to 1,4765  
Optical rotation (20 °C), 0 from -19 to -25  
Solubility in 90% ethanol (V/V) 1:10
Acid value, mg KOH/g no more than 1,0  
Ester value, mg KOH/g from 5,0 to 15,0  

Contents of characteristic ingredients (by GC), %:   
α-pinene more than 30  
β-pinene more than 15  


Therapeutic Properties:
The therapeutic properties of pine oil are antimicrobial, antineuralgic, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antiviral, bactericidal, balsamic, cholagogue, deodorant, diuretic, expectorant, hypertensive, insecticidal, restorative, rubefacient, adrenal cortex stimulant as well as stimulant to the circulation and nervous system.